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Did you know about the Slovenian language?
- Slovenian (Slovenščina) is also part of the southern group of Slavic languages within the Indo-European group of languages. It has nearly 50 dialects, the basis of the literary language being the Lower Carniolan dialect. It uses a variant of the Latin script. It is most closely related to Croatian, and their phonetic notation is very similar, although it does not use all the sounds used in Croatian - including the letters ć and đ, q, w, x, y.
- Number of native speakers: 2.4 million. Official language and minority language in Slovenia and the EU: Austria, Italy, Hungary.
- The history of language. The ancestors of today's Slovenes are the Slavs, who from the 6th century onwards began to populate the region east of the Alps in what is now Slovenia, as well as southern Hungary and Austria and north-eastern Italy. Their first written language records date back to the 10th century, when the first known documents in Slovene appeared. They are also the oldest texts written in Latin letters in a Slavic language.
- The Slovenian alphabet consists of the following 25 letters: A, B, C, Č, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, Š, T, U, V, Z, Ž
- Greetings. In Slovenian, the day is divided into four parts and greetings are given accordingly. Dobro jutro (Good morning), Dober dan (Good afternoon), Dober večer (Good evening) and Lahko noč (Good night)
- Their longest word is dialektičnomaterialističen (meaning dialectical materialist).
- Vowels in Croatian and Slovenian. Only five vowel letters are used in the two languages, and their pronunciation is roughly the same as in Hungarian: a, e, i, o, u. The pronunciation of a is closer to the Hungarian á-é. The e in Croatian is somewhere between the Hungarian pronunciation of e and é (corresponding to the Hungarian dialect [ë]), in Slovenian it can be similar to e-e, é-e, and often even svat, a short, bite-like sound close to [ö] to a Hungarian ear. In Slovenian, o can also denote two types of sound, one that is more like [u] and one that leans more towards [a]. What is more, each of these (with the exception of svá) can be both short and long. How to pronounce it? You need to know the language well!
- Dialects. Despite its small size, Slovenia has 7 dialect groups with 46 dialects. Consequently, Slovene is the richest Slavic language in terms of the number of dialects.
- The form that a given noun or an adjective should take is based on six cases, three genders and three numbers, giving a total of 54 possible variations. There are a lot of irregular verbs, so it is not easy to decide whether a particular verb is regular or irregular, so you have to learn its forms separately. Vowel stress, the dual number and the forms of the possessive case are not only a problem for foreigners, but often also for Slovenes.
- It has fewer new words than most languages: Slovene forms many new words using its own word forms. Although Slovenian also adopts foreign words, it adapts them to the rules of the language - for example, euro in Slovenian is evro, or CD in Slovenian is zgoščenka.
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