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Did you know this about the Slovak language?
- The Slovak language (Slovak: slovenčina, the longer form slovenský jazyk) is a member of the Indo-European language family, the western branch of the Slavic languages. Its historical ancestors are the pre-Slavic and then the Old Slavic languages, from which all other Slavic languages evolved.
- Slovak has a declining type of declension, the closest relative is Czech. There is a high degree of mutual intelligibility between the two languages, and this is also true to a lesser extent for the Slavic Polish, which is also Western Slavic. The Central Slovak dialect, which is the basis of the present literary language, has much in common with some dialects of Slovene and Croatian (kaj). The high degree of similarity with Czech is due to geographical proximity, historical links and medieval and modern Czech immigration.
- Slovak is also known as "the Slavic Esperanto". Slovak is easily distinguished from other Slavic languages, but from its closest relative, Czech, it is not so easy. Letters help: only Slovak has the letters ä, ĺ, ľ, ô, ŕ, only Czech has the letters ě, ř, ů.
- The Slovak literary language was legalised in 1843. Ľudovít Štúr based his language on the Central Slovak dialect, as he believed that the best Slovak was spoken in the Tatra region.
- In the 18th century, Slovaks carried out a language renewal - which can be more accurately described as language creation - based on medieval, and even more so early modern, literacy. In the Slovak literacy that began in the 16th century, then in the 17th and, most notably, in the 18th century, not only do we find the appearance of monuments and geographical names, but also the appearance of single-word or full-sentence phrases and texts in the explanatory sections of individual documents, and the creation of coherent texts, mostly guild manuscript records and economic documents. The Slovak language of the 16th and 17th centuries was mostly a written version of simple vernacular speech, written in different Slovak dialects, without a unified language system.
- The use of the Catholic Slovak language was initiated by Péter Pázmány, and later became the basis for Anton Bernolák's creation of the language, which Slovak historiography calls only the common Slovak language.
- Learn more about the Slovak language on Wikipedia.
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